Sunday School 01 05 2014

William McDowell Withholding Nothing

I'm In Love With A Church Girl - A Novel by Ryan M Phillips

Disc - Overcomer

Break Out! 
Joel Osteen

Joyce Meyer

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KJV Sunday School Commentary


Disc - Restoring Everything Damaged - Deitrick Haddon


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“Honoring the Sabbath”

Lesson Text: Luke 6:1-11

Background Scripture: Luke 6:1-11

Devotional Reading:John 5:2-17

Luke 6:1-11 (KJV)

1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.

2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?

3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him;

4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?

5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

6 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.

7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.

8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.

9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?

10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.

11 And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.



To show how certain traditions can become more sacred to us than the Word of God.  

To explain why ministering to people in need is not breaking the Sabbath, but rather the work of the Lord (c.f. John 5:2-17).

To act, and know that God wants us to help others in need.



Question Loading

   "Have you stopped beating your wife?" In the give-and-take of daily conversation, one must be alert to questions that presuppose something to be true that is not true or has not been proven to be true. Such questions have been referred to as loaded questions. "Have you stopped beating your wife?" is the classic example. Note that this question has been "loaded" with the assumption that the person being questioned is a wife-beater. Whether he answers no or yes, he will be admitting to the wife-beating presupposition.

   Today's lesson shows Jesus doing verbal battle with those who want to discredit Him. Question-loading is one of the techniques of His opponents. But the two encounters we will examine yielded results they did notanticipate.


Time:A.D. 28


   The two encounters in today's lesson involve issues of the Sabbath day. Sabbath is a Hebrew word meaning "rest" or "cease." This fact is fundamental for understanding God's requirements for Sabbath-keeping. Instructions regarding the Sabbath (the seventh day of the week) form a central component to the system of law of ancient Israel.

   Even before receiving the law at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19 and following), the Israelites were instructed to gather and prepare a double portion of manna on the sixth day so there would be no working for food on the seventh (see Exodus 16:1-26). The principle of Sabbath-rest finds its most important expression as the fourth of the Ten Commandments, and it is the longest one in both Exodus 20:8-11 and Deuteronomy 5:12-15. To "remember" the Sabbath was to keep it holy. It was to be a day of rest, a cessation from all normal work activities. To work on this day was to break the Sabbath. Violators were subject to the death penalty (Exodus 31:12-17).

  The Sabbath was instituted by God to be an enjoyable and necessary day for rest, reflection, and prayer. By the first century, however, it seems that some religious leaders of the Jews had elevated Sabbath-keeping to an oppressive art. Thus, keeping the Sabbath was more important than the benefits derived from keeping the Sabbath. Breaking the Sabbath as the Pharisees had defined it was an offense that marked one as religiously careless and sinful. The Gospels portray the Pharisees as masters of minor detail in this regard. Today's lesson finds Jesus at odds with some Pharisees over the issue of Sabbath-breaking. Matthew 12:1-8 and Mark 2:23-28 are parallels to our first segment; Matthew 12:9-14 and Mark 3:1-6 are parallels to our second segment.


Jesus’ Lordship over the Sabbath (Luke 6:1-5)

Loaded Question (Luke 6:1, 2)

1. Why did the Pharisees think Jesus’ disciples were breaking the Sabbath law? (Luke 6:1, 2)

   Luke introduces us to another Sabbath day incident, which is called the second sabbath after the first. The prior Sabbath that Luke probably has in mind involves the incident of casting a demon out of a man (exorcism) in the Capernaum synagogue (Luke 4:31-37).

   This particular confrontation occurs outdoors, as we see Jesus and His disciples walking through a field that has ripe heads of grain. When we see the word corn in the King James Version, we should not think of the yellow maize of western agriculture, which is unknown to Jesus' time and place. The text reflects an older use of the word corn to indicate any type of food grain. The grain is probably wheat or barley, and its harvestable condition places this episode in the April to June time frame.

   While plucking heads of the ripe grain, the disciples are rubbing them in their hands in order to remove the chaff. The result is edible kernels of wheat or barley. This is a meager snack, but better than nothing when hungry. It is common for public pathways to go through private fields, so the disciples are not trespassing. It was also lawful to eat from a neighbor’s vineyard, provided one did not fill a container or use a harvesting sickle (see Deuteronomy 23:24-25).

   Here is the loaded question. The Pharisees ask “Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days? The assumption behind the question is that law-breaking is happening. Therefore, for Jesus to answer the why as it is posed would be to admit to Sabbath-breaking. There is no issue about trespassing or stealing here. The issue, rather, is that both the plucking and rubbing of the grain heads are considered "work" (that is, reaping and threshing) by the Pharisees, and therefore a violation of the Sabbath (compare Luke 13:14; John 5:10).

   It seems that Pharisees are accompanying Jesus and His disciples in order to see wrongdoing and accuse Him of it. They hope thereby to be able to discredit Him (see Luke 6:7, below).

What Do You Think?

   What "loaded questions" do unbelievers ask Christians today? How do we respond in redemptive and Christ-honoring ways?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

   Concerning the existence of evil | concerning perceived contradictions in the Bible

   Concerning creation.

2. In what way did Jesus answer the Pharisees’ question? (Luke 6:3, 4)

   Rather than answer the loaded question directly, Jesus responds by relating related David’s unlawful act in 1 Samuel 21:1-6. David and his soldiers fleeing enemies had little time to acquire food, so they ate the showbread which was restricted for priests. David also made his request on a Sabbath day; this interpretation is supported by 1 Samuel 21:6, which indicates that old bread had just been replaced by new bread, which Leviticus 24:8 says happens on the Sabbath. This makes the parallel to the situation of Jesus and His disciples tighter still. No one accused David of desecration or Sabbath-breaking because his need justified his request. We even read that the priest Ahimelech cooperated with him.

3. How did Jesus point out His authority? (Luke 6:5) 

   After countering with the Old Testament example of David who once ate the sacred showbread, Christ announced that He was the Son of man, and “Lord” or supreme over “the sabbath.” The Pharisees undoubtedly do not expect this answer! To this point in the Gospel of Luke, Jesus has used the title Son of man only once, on the occasion when He claimed the authority to forgive sins in Luke 5:24. Jesus now reasserts His authority as if to say, "You Pharisees don't control the Sabbath; I do."

   This is a bold, audacious claim, since the Jews rightly see the Sabbath as established by God. As with forgiving sins, Jesus therefore is claiming authority that is reserved for God alone.


   Unfortunately, the Pharisees sawthe disciples’ act as work forbidden by those who, through their traditions, used it as an excuse not to show kindness to others. By their strict and oppressive rules, the Pharisees had turned the Sabbath Day into a burden instead of the blessing God meant it to be, and Jesus challenged both their doctrine and their authority (see Mark 2:27).

What Do You Think?

   How can we practice the concept of Jesus being "the Lord of our Sabbaths?"

Talking Points for Your Discussion

   Issue of witness to unbelievers | Ministering to people in need

   Issue of tolerance (Romans 14:5, 6) | Other


Jesus Heals on the Sabbath (Luke 6:6-11)

4. Why was Jesus being scrutinized by the religious leaders? (Luke 6:6, 7)

   Luke 6:6 highlights another sabbath episode in which Jesus was teaching in the local synagogue.  On this particular sabbath, a group of Pharisees and scribes were eager to accuse Jesus of breaking their sabbath rules (Luke 6:7). The presence of a man with a withered hand (perhaps the result of a birth defect or injury) gave the religious leaders the opportunity they were looking for to confront Jesus with the issue foremost on their minds. Was it lawful to heal on the sabbath? They believed that healing actions were permitted only when a person’s life was in immediate danger. Otherwise, they regarded the provision of medical help as work. So, if therapeutic help could be postponed until the next day, allegedly that was the proper option to take. The Old Testament, however, did not make such a restriction. Of course, the intention of the religious leaders was not to engage in a discussion about the fine points of the law. They hoped that Jesus would heal on the sabbath so they could bring a criminal charge against Him. Sadly, the traditions venerated by the Pharisees and scribes were more important to them than meeting the pressing needs of the disabled man. This disabled man was simply a tool in their escalating battle against the new teacher, Jesus, who has won a great following and has cast the members of the religious hierarchy in an unfavorable light.

What Do You Think?

   What are some "danger zones" for finger-pointing and faultfinding among Christians? How will you practice biblical tolerance in those areas?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

   Regarding styles of worship |Regarding choices of food and beverage|

   Regarding entertainment or recreational preferences| Other

5. Why was it needful for Jesus to demonstrate His compassion at this point? (Luke 6:8)

   Jesus knew the thoughts of the religious leaders, and has divine insight into hidden motives (compare Luke 5:22; John 2:24, 25; Mark 2:8). Mark 3:5 says that Jesus “had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts…”

   Jesus now gives the man with the disability two simple commands; to stand up and make his way to the open space in the center so that what is about to happen will be plainly visible to all gathered.

What Do You Think?

   Under what circumstances should our ministries to the needy be done openly, in public view, rather than in private? What circumstances call for the reverse? Why?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

   Matthew 5:14-16; 6:1-4 | Mark 5:35-43 | Acts 26:26 | Other

6. How did Jesus’ question to the religious leadersget to the heart of the matter? (Luke 6:9)

   After the man stood up in front of everyone as Jesus asked, Jesus then asked the religious leaders which of two options was legally permissible to do on the sabbath. Did God want them to do what was good or commit what was evil? More specifically, did God want them to save a life or destroy it on the sabbath (Luke 6:9)?

   Matthew 12:11-12 records additional, pertinent information. Jesus asked His opponents whether they would help a sheep of theirs that had fallen into a pit on the sabbath. No person in the room would let his or her animal stay in the hole, but would do whatever it took to get the sheep out. That being the case, it should have been acceptable to show mercy to a human being, who was made in the image of God. Expressed differently, why should that person have to wait until the next day to receive care, when it was lawful to help a sheep on the sabbath? Clearly, Jesus was troubled by a value system that would put an animal above a human being.

7. What final command did Jesus give the man? (Luke 6:10)

   Jesus could have avoided conflict by waiting until the next day to heal the man. Or He could have healed the man secretly. Thankfully, the Savior rejected both options and instead focused everyone’s attention on the man by commanding him to “stretch forth” his hand to do the very thing he could not do, and yet he did it! This miracle illustrates the power of faith in God's Word. “For with God nothing shall be impossible” (Luke 1:37). The Lord healed him instantly and completely (Luke 6:10).

   Jesus was neither ashamed nor afraid to own the purposes of His Grace. He healed the disabled man, though He knew that his enemies would take advantage against Him for it. However, this astounding deed did not convince the religious leaders of their error. Indeed, their hatred was so intense that they refused to recognize God’s part in the miracle. Moreover, they left the synagogue and began to plot how they might murder the Savior (Matthew 12:14; Luke 6:11). The religious leaders’ actions demonstrated the enormity of their hypocrisy. Even though they considered it unlawful for Jesus to heal a man on the sabbath, His opponents evidently concluded it was justifiable for them on that same day to devise a way to get rid of Him. 

   The reaction of Jesus' opponents should disappoint and disgust us. A man has just had his life changed! However, Jesus’ opponents are blinded by rage, for He has outmaneuvered them, and they are in danger of losing their control over the people. They have been thwarted, embarrassed, even humiliated, and they will not let this pass.

What Do You Think?

   When have you seen Christians react negatively to something good that happened in the life of another person or church? How do we counteract such negativity?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

   Proverbs 14:30; Acts 13:45; 1 Corinthians 3:3; 13:4; 2 Corinthians 12:20, 21;

   Galatians 5:26




1.Don’t use traditions (man-made rules) as an excuse not to show kindness to others, and from ministering to people in need. (Luke 6:1-5).   

2.It is good to obey a commandment like honoring the sabbath or gathering with the church. Yet the wrong intent or the lack of desire to do what is right ruins even an act of obedience. (Luke 6:6-8).

3.Let us not be drawn either from our duty or from our usefulness by any opposition (Luke 6:9-11).



Searching God’s Word

   Christians need to continually search the Scriptures and make God’s Word the basis for their decisions. Each person, in turn, who witnessed Jesus’ restorative power had an opportunity to respond to Jesus in view of the evidence He presented. Today, as we observe the Lord’s rehabilitating work in our lives and in the lives of others, we come into possession of special evidence about who Jesus is. Also, as we weigh that evidence, we must respond to it in one of two ways: either by accepting Jesus or by rejecting Him. There is no other alternative.


   Heavenly Father, help us to live according to Your Word only. May we understand that the key to taking time off to serve You is doing good for those around us. In Jesus’ name we pray, amen.


   Honor the one who created the Sabbath.


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